Ancient Monuments

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Ring cairn on Lealholm Moor, 640m north east of South View Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Glaisdale, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4738 / 54°28'25"N

Longitude: -0.8314 / 0°49'52"W

OS Eastings: 475829.101373

OS Northings: 509347.042826

OS Grid: NZ758093

Mapcode National: GBR QJMQ.T1

Mapcode Global: WHF8Q.6TC5

Entry Name: Ring cairn on Lealholm Moor, 640m north east of South View Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 January 1963

Last Amended: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018747

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30184

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Glaisdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Glaisdale St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial
mound on Lealholm Moor.
The monument is prominently sited on top of the east-west ridge which links
Danby Beacon and Lealholm Rigg and which thus forms Lealholm Moor. It is
formed by a 4m wide earth and stone bank typically 0.4m high which describes a
14m diameter circle.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of
stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may
be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small
uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of
England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground
level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial
photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples.
Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are
interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact
nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has
revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and
pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial
rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the
number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available
evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a
relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form,
all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological
deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

The ring cairn on Lealholm Moor is a well preserved example. Its importance is
heightened by its proximity to the well preserved round barrow 80m to the
west, which forms a separate scheduling. The ring cairn shows no evidence of
disturbance by antiquarian excavation and the interior and encircling bank is
thus considered to retain intact archaeological deposits including burials.
The monument is also thought to have an encircling infilled ditch containing
additional archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994)

Source: Historic England

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