Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow on Lealholm Moor, 600m north east of South View Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Glaisdale, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.4739 / 54°28'25"N

Longitude: -0.8325 / 0°49'56"W

OS Eastings: 475755.158419

OS Northings: 509350.573243

OS Grid: NZ757093

Mapcode National: GBR QJMQ.K0

Mapcode Global: WHF8Q.5TT4

Entry Name: Round barrow on Lealholm Moor, 600m north east of South View Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 January 1963

Last Amended: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018746

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30183

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Glaisdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Glaisdale St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial
mound on Lealholm Moor.
The monument is prominently sited on top of the east-west ridge which links
Danby Beacon and Lealholm Rigg and which thus forms Lealholm Moor. In profile
the barrow is more complex than most in the area. It is formed by a 15m
diameter mound, 1m high with a 10m diameter top, with a second 0.5m high mound
sited on top of the first. This second mound is 8m in diameter and is
positioned slightly off-centre to the south east from the centre of the main
mound. As a result there is a berm, or step, in the barrow's profile on the
north western side up to 2m wide, but on the south east side the two mounds
merge into one. Sunk into the top of the upper mound there is a 5m by 2.5m
depression 0.5m deep which is 3m by 1m at its base.
Excavation of other barrows has shown that even where no encircling depression
is discernible on the modern ground surfaces, ditches immediately around the
outside of barrows frequently survive as infilled features, containing
additional archaeological deposits.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Excavations of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a
very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to
coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the
Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than
one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original
ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the
mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often
small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also
occasionally been found.
The barrow is a well preserved example of one of the more complex barrows
found on the moors. Its importance is further enhanced by the survival of a
ring cairn, which is a rarer form of early-mid Bronze Age funerary monument,
80m to the west.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994)

Source: Historic England

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