Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow on Thorn Hill, 310m south of the confluence of Black Dike Slack and Mardale Slack

A Scheduled Monument in Newton Mulgrave, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.483 / 54°28'58"N

Longitude: -0.8261 / 0°49'33"W

OS Eastings: 476152.742991

OS Northings: 510375.208681

OS Grid: NZ761103

Mapcode National: GBR QJNL.YQ

Mapcode Global: WHF8Q.8LW3

Entry Name: Round barrow on Thorn Hill, 310m south of the confluence of Black Dike Slack and Mardale Slack

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1969

Last Amended: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018752

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30197

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Newton Mulgrave

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Glaisdale St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial
mound on Thorn Hill, just south east of the gully of Black Dike Slack. The
barrow is the central one of a line of three. The badly disturbed remains of
the other two lie 180m WNW and 140m south east respectively. The remains of
these two barrows are not included in the scheduling.
The round barrow is intervisible with its two neighbours and is an earth and
stone mound up to 1m high and 13m in diameter with a central saucer shaped
depression 7m in diameter and up to 0.5m deep.
Excavation of barrows in the region has shown that even where no encircling
depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately
around the outside of barrows frequently survive as infilled features,
containing additional archaeological deposits.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Excavation of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a
very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to
coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the
Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than
one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original
ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the
mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often
small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also
occasionally been found.
The round barrow on Thorn Hill is relatively well preserved and will retain
important archaeological information.

Source: Historic England

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