Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Eston Moor, 1.4km north-west of High Barnaby Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Eston, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5535 / 54°33'12"N

Longitude: -1.1259 / 1°7'33"W

OS Eastings: 456630.869427

OS Northings: 517930.094699

OS Grid: NZ566179

Mapcode National: GBR NHLS.1H

Mapcode Global: WHD71.PT13

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Eston Moor, 1.4km north-west of High Barnaby Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011275

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20852

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Electoral Ward/Division: Eston

Built-Up Area: Middlesbrough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Eston Christ Church

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date situated near the top
of a scarp on a south-facing slope. The barrow mound measures 15m across and
survives to a height of 1m. At the centre of the mound there is a hollow, the
remains of partial excavation in the 19th century. The surrounding ditch, dug
to provide the material to build the mound, is no longer visible at ground
level but survives as a buried feature measuring 2m across.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the bowl barrow on Eston Moor has been subject to partial exavation
in the past, the extent of disturbance is not great and archaeological
deposits survive well. Evidence of the manner of construction, and the nature
and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound and within
the ditch. Additionally, evidence relating to the Bronze Age environment
around the monument and of the wider landscape will also survive. The
importance of this monument is increased because of the survival of
contemporary barrows in the vicinity; such evidence provides a clear
indication of the extent of Bronze Age settlement and activity in the area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, (1991), 28
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, (1991), 47
Other
No. 1337,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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