Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Eston Moor, 1.2km north-west of High Barnaby Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Eston, Redcar and Cleveland

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Latitude: 54.5543 / 54°33'15"N

Longitude: -1.1217 / 1°7'18"W

OS Eastings: 456899.71353

OS Northings: 518026.262178

OS Grid: NZ568180

Mapcode National: GBR NHLS.Y6

Mapcode Global: WHD71.RS1G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Eston Moor, 1.2km north-west of High Barnaby Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1952

Last Amended: 19 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011279

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20857

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Electoral Ward/Division: Eston

Built-Up Area: Middlesbrough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Eston Christ Church

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date situated on open
moorland with a southerly aspect. The mound measures 10m across and survives
to a height of 1.2m. At the centre of the mound there is a large hollow
measuring 4m across, the result of partial excavation in the 19th century by
William Ord which revealed the remains of a Bronze Age cremation and Bronze
Age pottery. The surrounding ditch, dug to provide material to build the
mound, is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature
2m across.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the bowl barrow on Eston Moor has been subject to partial excavation
in the past, the extent of disturbance is not great and archaeological
deposits survive well. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature
and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the surviving mound.
Additionally, evidence relating to the Bronze Age environment around the
monument and of the wider landscape will also survive. The importance of this
monument is increased by the survival of contemporary barrows in the vicinity;
this evidence provides a clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age
settlement and activity in the area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, , Vol. 63, (1991), 39
No. 0070,

Source: Historic England

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