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Bowl barrow 1.1km north-west of High Barnaby Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Eston, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5561 / 54°33'22"N

Longitude: -1.1173 / 1°7'2"W

OS Eastings: 457183.651843

OS Northings: 518234.6698

OS Grid: NZ571182

Mapcode National: GBR NHMR.XJ

Mapcode Global: WHD71.TR42

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 1.1km north-west of High Barnaby Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1952

Last Amended: 11 August 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011272

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20869

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Electoral Ward/Division: Eston

Built-Up Area: Middlesbrough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Wilton St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date currently situated
within a forestry plantation, on an area of flat land with a southern aspect.
The barrow mound measures 22m across and survives to a height of 1m. The
surrounding ditch, dug to provide the material to build the mound, is no
longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature measuring 2m
across. The northern part of the barrow mound and ditch beyond the fence have
been truncated by a track, and destroyed. The plantation fence line which
forms the northern boundary of the monument is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The barrow is well preserved and the archaeological deposits survive intact.
Evidence of the manner of construction, and the nature and duration of use
will be preserved within and beneath the mound and within the ditch. Evidence
relating to the Bronze Age environment around the monument and of the wider
landscape will also survive. The importance of this monument is increased
because of the survival of contemporary barrows in the vicinity; such evidence
provides a clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age settlement and
activity in the area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, , Vol. 63, (1991), 47
Other
No. 0530,

Source: Historic England

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