Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 1.1km north-west of High Court Green

A Scheduled Monument in Eston, Redcar and Cleveland

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Latitude: 54.5578 / 54°33'28"N

Longitude: -1.1128 / 1°6'46"W

OS Eastings: 457470.075268

OS Northings: 518421.979149

OS Grid: NZ574184

Mapcode National: GBR NHNQ.WY

Mapcode Global: WHD71.WP7S

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 1.1km north-west of High Court Green

Scheduled Date: 16 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011268

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20865

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Electoral Ward/Division: Eston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Wilton St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date situated near the edge
of a scarp. The barrow mound has been truncated and spread by ploughing in the
past; it measures 12m across and survives to a height of 30cm. The surrounding
ditch, dug to provide the material to build the mound, is no longer visible at
ground level but survives as a buried feature measuring 2m across.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the bowl barrow has sustained some damage by cultivation in the past,
much of its archaeological deposits survive intact. Evidence of the manner of
construction, and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and
beneath the mound and within the ditch. Evidence relating to the Bronze Age
environment around the monument and of the wider landscape will also survive.
The importance of this monument is increased because of the survival of
contemporary barrows, of similar and different form, in the immediate
vicinity; such evidence provides a clear indication of the extent of Bronze
Age settlement and activity in the area and has the potential to increase
greatly our knowledge of Bronze Age society.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, , Vol. 63, (1991), 47
No. 1370,

Source: Historic England

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