Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 500m north-west of High Court Green

A Scheduled Monument in Guisborough, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5546 / 54°33'16"N

Longitude: -1.1059 / 1°6'21"W

OS Eastings: 457924.424105

OS Northings: 518068.046641

OS Grid: NZ579180

Mapcode National: GBR NHQS.C3

Mapcode Global: WHD71.ZSK8

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 500m north-west of High Court Green

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011282

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20861

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Guisborough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Wilton St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a large bowl barrow of Bronze Age date situated on a
south-facing slope. The barrow mound measures 21m in diameter and survives to
a height of 50 cm. This monument is of unusual form; at its centre there is a
smaller mound measuring 4m in diamater and standing to a height of 1m. The
platform area between the central mound and the edge of the barrow is slightly
concave in profile. The surrounding ditch, dug to provide the material to
build the mound, is no longer visible at ground level but it survives as a
buried feature measuring 2m across. The eastern edge of the barrow and its
ditch has been truncated by the forestry plantation and does not survive
beyond the fence. The fence line is excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The barrow is well preserved and the archaeological deposits survive
undisturbed. Evidence of the manner of construction, and the nature and
duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound and within the
ditch. Additionally, evidence relating to the Bronze Age environment around
the monument and of the wider landscape will also survive. This barrow is of
an unusual form and indicates the variety and complexity of Bronze Age
funerary monuments. The importance of this monument is increased because of
the survival of contemporary barrows in the vicinity; such evidence provides a
clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age settlement and activity in the
area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, , Vol. 63, (1991), 47
Other
No. 0533, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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