Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 800m north of High Barnaby Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Guisborough, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.556 / 54°33'21"N

Longitude: -1.1071 / 1°6'25"W

OS Eastings: 457846.92029

OS Northings: 518232.239492

OS Grid: NZ578182

Mapcode National: GBR NHQR.3K

Mapcode Global: WHD71.ZR04

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 800m north of High Barnaby Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011271

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20868

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Guisborough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Wilton St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date. The barrow mound
measures 8m across and survives to a height of 20cm. The surrounding ditch,
dug to provide the material to build the mound, is no longer visible at ground
level but it survives as a buried feature 2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the bowl barrow has sustained damage by cultivation in the past,
a significant part of its archaeological deposits survive intact. Evidence of
the manner of construction, and the nature and duration of use will be
preserved within and beneath the mound and within the ditch. Evidence relating
to the Bronze Age environment around the monument and of the wider landscape
will also survive. The importance of this monument is increased because of the
survival of contemporary barrows, of similar and different form, in the
immediate vicinity; such evidence provides a clear indication of the extent of
Bronze Age settlement and activity in the area and has the potential to
increase greatly our knowledge of Bronze Age society.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, , Vol. 63, (1991), 47
Other
No. 1321,

Source: Historic England

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