Ancient Monuments

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Roman Road c. 400m south of Benlan Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Cilycwm (Cil-y-cwm), Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 52.0245 / 52°1'28"N

Longitude: -3.8701 / 3°52'12"W

OS Eastings: 271784

OS Northings: 237885

OS Grid: SN717378

Mapcode National: GBR Y1.GNP1

Mapcode Global: VH4HD.VCWV

Entry Name: Roman Road c. 400m S of Benlan Farm

Scheduled Date: 6 November 2006

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1181

Cadw Legacy ID: CM368

Schedule Class: Transport

Category: Road

Period: Roman

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Cilycwm (Cil-y-cwm)

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument comprises the surviving earthworks of the Roman road between the forts at Llandovery and Pumsaint. The earthwork is visible as a well-preserved agger, or raised embankment, and situated within enclosed pasture. It measures c. 500m long, 12m wide and up to 0.8m tall. It is aligned ENE-WSW. The primary Roman road network was designed and constructed by the Roman army for the purpose of military conquest and rule. Roads were built and used throughout Roman Britain from the mid 1st century AD onwards. In Wales, the majority of the Roman road network dates from the Flavian-Trajanic conquest and garrison (between AD 74 and AD 117).

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Roman military organisation. The monument forms an important element within the wider context of the Roman occupation of Wales and the structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information in regard to chronology and building techniques.

The area scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is linear and measures 500m ENE-WSW by 25m transversely. The E end is located at NGR SN 72027 37951 and the W end is located at SN 71521 37815.

Source: Cadw

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