Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Roman Road c. 250m SSW of Gilwen Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Cilycwm (Cil-y-cwm), Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 52.0302 / 52°1'48"N

Longitude: -3.8289 / 3°49'43"W

OS Eastings: 274630

OS Northings: 238441

OS Grid: SN746384

Mapcode National: GBR Y3.G6WS

Mapcode Global: VH4HF.L76H

Entry Name: Roman Road c. 250m SSW of Gilwen Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 November 2006

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1182

Cadw Legacy ID: CM369

Schedule Class: Transport

Category: Road

Period: Roman

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Cilycwm (Cil-y-cwm)

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument comprises the surviving earthworks of the Roman road between the forts at Llandovery and Pumsaint. The earthwork is visible as a well-preserved agger, or raised embankment, and situated within enclosed pasture. It measures c. 90m long, 9m wide and up to 0.5m tall. It is aligned E-W. The primary Roman road network was designed and constructed by the Roman army for the purpose of military conquest and rule. Roads were built and used throughout Roman Britain from the mid 1st century AD onwards. In Wales, the majority of the Roman road network dates from the Flavian-Trajanic conquest and garrison (between AD 74 and AD 117).

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Roman military organisation. The monument forms an important element within the wider context of the Roman occupation of Wales and the structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information in regard to chronology and building techniques. The monument is located on marshy ground and may preserve paleo-environmental evidence.

The area scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is an irregular polygon and measures 110m E-W by 20m transversely. The E end is located at NGR SN 74675 38438 and the W end is located at SN 74585 38444.

Source: Cadw

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