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Glenton Hill,house,enclosure and field system

A Scheduled Monument in Stonehaven and Lower Deeside, Aberdeenshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.9879 / 56°59'16"N

Longitude: -2.2889 / 2°17'20"W

OS Eastings: 382541

OS Northings: 788564

OS Grid: NO825885

Mapcode National: GBR XF.84M6

Mapcode Global: WH8Q8.TM7B

Entry Name: Glenton Hill,house,enclosure and field system

Scheduled Date: 29 October 1990

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4873

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: hut circle, roundhouse

Location: Fetteresso

County: Aberdeenshire

Electoral Ward: Stonehaven and Lower Deeside

Traditional County: Kincardineshire

Description

The monument comprises parts of several field systems overlapping one another and includes 85 or more cairns of a local group of 125, 3 out of the 5 round houses known locally, an enclosure, lynchets and numerous field banks. One of the round houses and a cairn are in the corner of a c 30 year old plantation where trees grow sparsely. The structures not included in this proposal are in thickly grown parts of the plantation.

The northernmost house has an internal diameter of 8m within a massive bank. It sits within a rectangular field measuring c 57m by 48m which appears to be part of a system of rectangular fields defined by strong banks up to 3m wide and 0.6 m high lying immediately W and NW of the plantation. The other two round houses in the area to be scheduled measure 6-7m across and their banks stand to no more than 0.3m. The enclosure measures 7.8m in diameter inside banks 0.4m high.

It has entrances to NNE and SSW. The cairns measure between 3m and 6m across and vary up to about 0.7m high. In addition to the massive field banks referred to above there are traces of other banks, some very slight. The proposal specifically excludes the above-ground structure of the electricity pylon in the area.

The area proposed for scheduling is irregular in shape measuring a maximum of 425m NW/SE by up to 400m NE/SW and containing the monuments referred to above and an area round them in which traces of activities associated with their use will survive as delineated in red on the attached plan.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it consists of several prehistoric round houses and parts of various overlapping field systems including clearance cairns, lynchets and field banks all surviving in good condition. It is of particular interest because it includes a massive house of a well defined Perthshire type which belongs in the first millenium BC and an earlier negative lynchet and system of massive field banks. It is of further national importance for its potential to increase our understanding of prehistoric land use and farming practices.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NO 88 NW 17.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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