Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow on Brockrigg, 400m east of Brockrigg Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Lythe, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.5194 / 54°31'9"N

Longitude: -0.7201 / 0°43'12"W

OS Eastings: 482945.26536

OS Northings: 514538.036434

OS Grid: NZ829145

Mapcode National: GBR RJD5.WQ

Mapcode Global: WHF8K.XN8R

Entry Name: Round barrow on Brockrigg, 400m east of Brockrigg Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 October 1968

Last Amended: 2 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016539

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32478

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Lythe

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Lythe with Sandsend

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated at the top of a natural eminence
on the north edge of the North York Moors.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound which has been spread by ploughing. It
is up to 25m in diameter and stands up to 0.4m high.
The barrow was originally one of at least nine, only three of which survive as
earthworks, the remainder having been ploughed out.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow on Brockrigg, 400m east of Brockrigg Farm is important in view of
its spatial association with two other surviving round barrows. Together with
other barrows in the area, it is thought to represent a territorial marker.
Similar groups of monuments are also known across the west and central areas
of the North York Moors providing important insight into burial practice. Such
groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of land division
for social and ritual purposes in different geographical areas during the
prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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