Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 160m south of Hard Nab

A Scheduled Monument in Callaly, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.3707 / 55°22'14"N

Longitude: -1.915 / 1°54'53"W

OS Eastings: 405484.973559

OS Northings: 608526.35288

OS Grid: NU054085

Mapcode National: GBR H62B.6K

Mapcode Global: WHB0J.K89L

Entry Name: Round cairn, 160m south of Hard Nab

Scheduled Date: 9 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011085

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20986

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Callaly

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Whittingham and Edlingham with Bolton Chapel

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated prominently on
the summit of a rocky outcrop, rendering it visible from all directions. The
cairn is 20m in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 1.6m. The summit of
the cairn is surmounted by a modern marker cairn, partially constructed from
re-arranged stones.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the surface of the cairn has been re-arranged, the extent of
disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive reasonably well.
The monument is one of a number of cairns in the vicinity; taken together,
these monuments provide a clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age
settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England


NU 00 NE 01,

Source: Historic England

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