Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 260m SSW of Macartney's Cave

A Scheduled Monument in Callaly, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.3762 / 55°22'34"N

Longitude: -1.9069 / 1°54'24"W

OS Eastings: 405999.760822

OS Northings: 609140.375822

OS Grid: NU059091

Mapcode National: GBR H638.ZL

Mapcode Global: WHB0J.P45C

Entry Name: Round cairn, 260m SSW of Macartney's Cave

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1967

Last Amended: 9 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011084

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20985

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Callaly

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Whittingham and Edlingham with Bolton Chapel

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date, situated on the top
of a rocky outcrop on the edge of a conifer plantation. The cairn is 12m in
diameter and 1.6m high with traces of a stone kerb visible around the
perimeter. The remains of a small hollow is visible at its centre, the results
of partial excavation in the 19th century. Stones from the central hollow have
been removed and placed on the south-east side of the cairn.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the round cairn has been subject to partial excavation in the past,
the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive
reasonably well. The monument is one of a number of cairns in the vicinity;
taken together, these monuments provide a clear indication of the extent of
Bronze Age settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England



Source: Historic England

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