Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 140m SSW of Macartney's Cave

A Scheduled Monument in Callaly, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.3773 / 55°22'38"N

Longitude: -1.9063 / 1°54'22"W

OS Eastings: 406038.070821

OS Northings: 609258.610001

OS Grid: NU060092

Mapcode National: GBR H648.36

Mapcode Global: WHB0J.P3GJ

Entry Name: Round cairn, 140m SSW of Macartney's Cave

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1967

Last Amended: 9 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011083

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20984

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Callaly

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Whittingham and Edlingham with Bolton Chapel

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date, situated on the edge
of Callaly Crag. The cairn is 16m in diameter and 1.4m high. The remains of
two small hollows are visible on its surface, the result of partial excavation
in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the round cairn has been subject to partial excavation in the past,
the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive
reasonably well. The monument is one of a number of cairns in the vicinity;
taken together, these monuments provide a clear indication of the extent of
Bronze Age settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England



Source: Historic England

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