Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in Swythamley Park

A Scheduled Monument in Heaton, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1806 / 53°10'50"N

Longitude: -2.0497 / 2°2'58"W

OS Eastings: 396774.93091

OS Northings: 364836.810502

OS Grid: SJ967648

Mapcode National: GBR 23P.QLR

Mapcode Global: WHBC3.HB50

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Swythamley Park

Scheduled Date: 21 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009344

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22432

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Heaton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Rushton Spencer St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the western end of the crest of
a low ridge in Swythamley Park. It survives as a slightly oval earthen mound
up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 21.5m by 21m. The monument is not
known to have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite past ploughing that has spread the mound slightly, the bowl barrow in
Swythamley Park survives well. It is a rare survival in Staffordshire of an
unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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