Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 110m south west of Bartomley Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wincle, Cheshire East

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Latitude: 53.1878 / 53°11'15"N

Longitude: -2.0553 / 2°3'19"W

OS Eastings: 396402.259727

OS Northings: 365629.8986

OS Grid: SJ964656

Mapcode National: GBR 23P.36C

Mapcode Global: WHBC3.D4JJ

Entry Name: Round cairn 110m south west of Bartomley Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 August 1959

Last Amended: 16 October 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020868

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33882

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Wincle

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Wincle St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument includes a round cairn, marking a late Bronze Age burial,
situated on the western side of the Dane Valley north of Danebridge. The
structure has been built against a natural gritstone outcrop on its east

The cairn is 17m in diameter at the base and stands about 1.8m high. It is
not circular, but roughly square-shaped at the base. It is constructed of
small and medium-sized stones (0.1m-0.3m in diameter) packed into a steep-
sided mound. The base has been truncated by ploughing in the past and on
the south side a pit has been dug into the base of the mound for 6m
towards the centre. In the centre of the mound, at the top, a second pit
has been dug into the stones measuring 0.5m deep and 2.5m wide. These pits
are the result of attempts to locate buried remains in the past.

During the 19th century, ploughing close to the base of the mound revealed
a number of gold objects of Roman provenance which were dispersed for
sale. It is unclear whether this was a hoard, buried in difficult times at
a prominent landmark for subsequent retrieval, or a votive deposit at a
burial site.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn 110m south west of Bartomley Farm is in reasonably good
condition in spite of some truncation by ploughing, which has resulted in
giving it a square shape at the base. Pits have been dug into the mound in
the past, but it is clear that the central deposits will remain
undisturbed by these activities. The cairn is located on the line of a
well-used public footpath and will therefore provide a source of enjoyment
of the historical landscape and education for the public.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of, (1980), 214

Source: Historic England

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