Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn on The Roaches

A Scheduled Monument in Quarnford, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.1721 / 53°10'19"N

Longitude: -1.9998 / 1°59'59"W

OS Eastings: 400106.668117

OS Northings: 363891.174649

OS Grid: SK001638

Mapcode National: GBR 23Y.567

Mapcode Global: WHBC4.7JYJ

Entry Name: Round cairn on The Roaches

Scheduled Date: 19 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009042

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22441

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Quarnford

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Leek St Edward the Confessor

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a round cairn located on The Roaches at the highest
point of a ridge. It is an oval mound of gritstone boulders and earth up to
2.5m high with maximum dimensions of 14.5m by 12.5m. The cairn has been added
to the eastern side of a natural outcrop. It is not known to have been
An Ordnance Survey triangulation column on the monument's summit is excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and
dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000 - 700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of
earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably
smaller; a kerb of edge set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound.
Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure
called a cist, let into the old ground surface or set within the body of the
cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups, or in
large cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs,
burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.
Despite visitor erosion to the monument's surface, the cairn on The Roaches
survives well. It is a rare survival in the Peak District of an unexcavated
example of this class of monument.

Source: Historic England


SMR No 4087, Staffs SMR, Barrow, The Roaches,

Source: Historic England

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