Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Danebower Colliery ventilation chimney, 750m north east of Holt

A Scheduled Monument in Quarnford, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.2263 / 53°13'34"N

Longitude: -1.987 / 1°59'13"W

OS Eastings: 400962.837308

OS Northings: 369921.250822

OS Grid: SK009699

Mapcode National: GBR 236.NH4

Mapcode Global: WHBBY.G50G

Entry Name: Danebower Colliery ventilation chimney, 750m north east of Holt

Scheduled Date: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018820

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30387

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Quarnford

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Wildboarclough St Saviour

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument includes a stone-built ventilation chimney for a furnace which
provided ventilation for one of the shafts at Danebower Colliery. The
colliery, now disused, used to stand beside the River Dane 110m to the south
east of the chimney. The colliery was probably in use along with other mines
in the Buxton area from 1780-1880 and was last worked in 1925.
The furnace and chimney were constructed during the early 19th century, but
only the chimney now remains. The chimney is square and tapers slightly
towards the top. It stands 8m tall and 1.3m wide at the base. The construction
is of well-mortared freestone with walls about 0.4m thick. It is almost
complete except for some missing stone at the top.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Coal has been mined in England since Roman times, and between 8,000 and 10,000
coal industry sites of all dates up to the collieries of post-war
nationalisation are estimated to survive in England. Three hundred and four
coal industry sites, representing approximately 3% of the estimated national
archaeological resource for the industry have been identified as being of
national importance. This selection, compiled and assessed through a
comprehensive survey of the coal industry, is designed to represent the
industry's chronological depth, technological breadth and regional diversity.
The term `nucleated' is used to describe coal mines that developed as a result
of increased capital investment in the 18th and 19th centuries. They are a
prominent type of field monument produced by coal mining and typically
consist of a range of features grouped around the shafts of a mine. The
simplest examples contain merely a shaft or adit with associated spoil heap.
Later examples are characterised by developed pit head arrangements that may
include remains of engine houses for pumping and/or winding from shafts,
boiler houses, fan houses for ventilating mine workings, offices, workshops,
pithead baths, and transport systems such as railways and canals. A number of
later nucleated mines also retain the remains of screens where the coal was
sized and graded. Coke ovens are frequently found on or near colliery sites.
Coal occurs in significant deposits throughout large parts of England and this
has given rise to a variety of coalfields extending from the north of England
to the Kent coast. Each region has its own history of exploitation, and
characteristic sites range from the small, compact collieries of north
Somerset to the large, intensive units of the north east. A sample of the
better preserved sites, illustrating the regional, chronological and
technological range of nucleated coal mines, together with rare individual
component features are considered to merit protection.

Danebower Colliery ventilation chimney is one of only nine surviving in
England. It is in very good condition with only a few stones from the top
courses missing.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Scarthin, , The Coal Mines of Buxton2
Sugden, G, Industrial Revolution in East Cheshire, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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