Ancient Monuments

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Two hlaews at Haslin House

A Scheduled Monument in Cote Heath, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.2319 / 53°13'54"N

Longitude: -1.9078 / 1°54'28"W

OS Eastings: 406250.745069

OS Northings: 370539.898522

OS Grid: SK062705

Mapcode National: GBR 34M.JG8

Mapcode Global: WHBBZ.N1Q6

Entry Name: Two hlaews at Haslin House

Scheduled Date: 15 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009098

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13374

County: Derbyshire

Electoral Ward/Division: Cote Heath

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Buxton with Burbage and King Sterndale

Church of England Diocese: Derby


Haslin House is situated in the western upland ridges of the limestone plateau
of Derbyshire. The monument includes two hlaews, or Anglian barrows, located
c.10m apart above a steep north-facing slope. The northernmost of these is a
roughly circular bowl-shaped mound measuring 14m by 13m and standing 0.7m
high. This was partially excavated in 1850, by Thomas Bateman and found to be
of earthen construction and to contain a small central cairn over a rock-cut
grave in which was placed an extended inhumation which had been buried either
in a wooden coffin or surrounded by wooden planks. The southernmost hlaew has
not been excavated and is similar in appearance to the hlaew at Benty Grange.
It consists of a low central mound measuring 5m by 6m and standing c.0.3m
high, surrounded by a shallow ditch measuring 2m wide by c.0.2m deep. Around
the ditch is a low bank measuring between 1m and 1.5m wide by 0.2m high. The
overall diameter is c.12m. Both barrows date to the seventh century AD.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Hlaews are pre-Christian burial monuments of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and
may be found singly or in small groups. Typically they are constructed of
earth and usually comprise a low hemispherical mound or a combination of
mound, inner ditch and outer bank covering one or more burials which may be
inhumations, cremations or both. Most hlaews contain rich grave-goods,
indicating the high status of the occupants, and these goods date Anglian
hlaews to the late sixth and seventh centuries AD and Viking hlaews to the
ninth century. There are only between fifty and sixty authenticated hlaews
recorded nationally, with particular concentrations in the Peak District and
Wiltshire. They are one of a restricted range of monuments from the Anglian
and Viking periods and contain evidence not only of burial customs and
craft skills but also of colonisation and settlement patterns. Because of
this, and due to their extreme rarity, all surviving hlaews are considered to
be of national importance.
Although the northernmost of the two hlaews at Haslin House has been partially
disturbed by excavation, the monument is reasonably intact and retains
significant archaeological remains. The southernmost hlaew is previously
unrecorded and is therefore a rare survival of an undisturbed Anglian barrow.
Archaeological remains preserving the relationship between the two barrows
survive in the area between them, which may also contain flat graves of the
same period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 65-6
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 26

Source: Historic England

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