Ancient Monuments

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Wayside cross 500m north of Sutton End Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Sutton, Cheshire East

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Latitude: 53.2201 / 53°13'12"N

Longitude: -2.0671 / 2°4'1"W

OS Eastings: 395617.101

OS Northings: 369228.542

OS Grid: SJ956692

Mapcode National: GBR 239.0UC

Mapcode Global: WHBBX.6BX7

Entry Name: Wayside cross 500m north of Sutton End Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 February 1960

Last Amended: 17 July 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012885

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25634

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Sutton

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Sutton St James

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument includes a Grade II Listed wayside standing cross 500m north of
Sutton End Farm and is located beside a minor road leading from Cophurst Edge
Farm in Sutton to Wildboarclough.

The standing cross is set up on a bank on the north side of the road 2m from
the road edge. It is earthfast 0.75m above the road surface. The cross stands
1.74m high and consists of a freestone block set upright with a cross cut in
relief on the west and east faces. The block is 0.28m thick at the base and
tapers to 0.12m at the top. The east face is 0.69m wide at the base and 0.51m
wide at the top. The cross is roughly equal-armed and occupies the top quarter
of the stone. The east face is similar and has a date - 1887 - cut into the
stone which is a later addition and may be a surveyor's mark. This face has
also been cut with an OS bench mark on the left side near the ground.

The cross can be dated to the early medieval period from its style. It stands
in its original position and is known locally as the Cross o' the Moor or the
Greenway Cross. The stone wall to the north of the monument is excluded
from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 18/08/2011

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The wayside cross at Sutton End Farm is a standing wayside cross in its
original location and in a good state of preservation. This cross would have
indicated the route of a medieval track across the moors towards the east.
The type of carving is medieval in its style and may be early medieval to be
compared with examples cut on grave slabs in Durham. It was probably set up as
a waymarker by a local religious house now lost to our knowledge. A similar
waymarker is the Shepherds Cross at Biddulph about five miles to the
south west in Staffordshire.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Cramp, R, Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture in England: Volume I, (1984), 152

Source: Historic England

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