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Round cairn 200m south-west of Sutton Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Sutton, Cheshire East

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2389 / 53°14'19"N

Longitude: -2.114 / 2°6'50"W

OS Eastings: 392485.316767

OS Northings: 371319.150298

OS Grid: SJ924713

Mapcode National: GBR FZPZ.3P

Mapcode Global: WHBBP.HVJD

Entry Name: Round cairn 200m south-west of Sutton Hall

Scheduled Date: 9 April 1981

Last Amended: 6 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007397

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22574

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Sutton

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Sutton St James

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

The monument is a round cairn located in flat pasture 200m south-west of
Sutton Hall. It includes a largely turf-covered oval mound of stones up to
1.6m high with maximum dimensions of 23.5m by 18m. There is a central hollow
7m in diameter and 0.3m deep in the cairn's summit in which a water-trough is
now situated. On the northern side of the mound is a shallow depression
indicating the site of limited excavation undertaken in 1962. This excavation
found the cairn to be largely composed of river cobbles. A small number of
secondary cremations were found but not the primary burial at the monument's
centre.
The water tank is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
the tank is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited excavation north of the monument's centre and minor surface
damage by a combination of ploughing and stock erosion, the round cairn 200m
south-west of Sutton Hall survives reasonably well. This excavation located
secondary cremations, and further evidence of inhumations and grave goods will
exist within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1539, Cheshire SMR, Untitled, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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