Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 275m SSE of Little Delinuth

A Scheduled Monument in Camelford, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.6149 / 50°36'53"N

Longitude: -4.7137 / 4°42'49"W

OS Eastings: 208114.661775

OS Northings: 82977.853215

OS Grid: SX081829

Mapcode National: GBR N3.BM17

Mapcode Global: FRA 170F.X0T

Entry Name: Round 275m SSE of Little Delinuth

Scheduled Date: 10 January 1972

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004273

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 792

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Camelford

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Teath

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated on the upper western-facing slopes of a ridge forming the watershed between two tributaries of the River Allen. The round survives as a largely circular enclosure measuring up to 150m in maximum diameter. It is defined by a single rampart which measures up to 0.6m high externally with a surrounding, wide and largely-buried outer ditch. Encircling modern hedges overlie the ditch.

The enclosed area has been bisected by a road and an electricity pylon has been built on the western rampart. These features are all excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath them is included.

The round is known locally as 'Delinuth Camp' and referred to as the 'Rounds' in a descriptive reference of 1883. It is closely associated with a second nearby round known as 'Castle Goff' which is the subject of a separate scheduling.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-432001

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite some subsequent disturbance, the round 275m SSE of Little Delinuth survives well and is a large example of its type. It will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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