Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 410m west of Kenningstockmill

A Scheduled Monument in Advent, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5983 / 50°35'54"N

Longitude: -4.6955 / 4°41'43"W

OS Eastings: 209329.932697

OS Northings: 81091.961543

OS Grid: SX093810

Mapcode National: GBR N3.CRP7

Mapcode Global: FRA 171H.BHJ

Entry Name: Round 410m west of Kenningstockmill

Scheduled Date: 6 July 1959

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004419

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 498

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Advent

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Lanteglos by Camelford

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated on the summit of a hill to the south east of Helstone, overlooking the valley of the River Camel. The round survives as a roughly circular enclosure measuring up to 50m in diameter overall. It is defined by an outer bank which is largely fossilised within field boundary banks measuring up to 3m wide and 1.8m high, except to the north west where it is preserved as a largely buried feature visible on aerial photographs as a soil mark. The whole is surrounded by a largely buried outer ditch measuring up to 0.5m deep.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-432022

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart to the north west, the round 410m west of Kenningstockmill survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, abandonment, agricultural practices, trade, domestic arrangements, social organisation and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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