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Wayside cross 220m north west of Steppes Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Advent, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6 / 50°36'0"N

Longitude: -4.6789 / 4°40'44"W

OS Eastings: 210511.023576

OS Northings: 81238.900001

OS Grid: SX105812

Mapcode National: GBR N4.CHZH

Mapcode Global: FRA 172H.4Z3

Entry Name: Wayside cross 220m north west of Steppes Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 September 1957

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004418

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 497

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Advent

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Advent

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a wayside cross, situated beside an old pathway leading to the church at Tresinney from Trewint. The cross survives as a decorated round head on a shaft set into a roughly circular base. The cross stands up to 2.6m tall and the head is decorated on both sides with an equal armed cross in relief.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-434418

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ.
Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Of the 35 surviving on Bodmin Moor, 21 are recorded as wayside crosses. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions. The wayside cross 220m north west of Steppes Farm survives well and appears to be in-situ marking the route to the church. It continues to serve as a well-regarded feature in the landscape.

Source: Historic England

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