Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Enclosure revealed by Aerial Photography

A Scheduled Monument in Caldicot, Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Latitude: 51.5828 / 51°34'58"N

Longitude: -2.7473 / 2°44'50"W

OS Eastings: 348318

OS Northings: 187372

OS Grid: ST483873

Mapcode National: GBR JJ.CFNC

Mapcode Global: VH87Z.BGHY

Entry Name: Enclosure revealed by Aerial Photography

Scheduled Date: 8 December 1966

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2405

Cadw Legacy ID: MM169

Schedule Class: Monument

Category: Enclosure

Period: Roman

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: Caldicot

Built-Up Area: Cil-y-coed

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument comprises the remains of a cropmark enclosure of probable Roman date. The site was identified through aerial photography in the 1960s. It is a square ditched enclosure measuring 53m by 61m, with a broad inner and narrow outer ditch defining most of two sides. The ditches may surround a building, possibly a villa. No features are visible on the ground and the site has not been excavated.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Roman defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider Roman context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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