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Crackaig and Glac Gugairidh, depopulated settlements, Mull

A Scheduled Monument in Oban South and the Isles, Argyll and Bute

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.5339 / 56°32'2"N

Longitude: -6.3079 / 6°18'28"W

OS Eastings: 135231

OS Northings: 746303

OS Grid: NM352463

Mapcode National: GBR BCTF.TSG

Mapcode Global: WGYCB.21JB

Entry Name: Crackaig and Glac Gugairidh, depopulated settlements, Mull

Scheduled Date: 14 January 2003

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM10577

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: settlement, including deserted, depopulated and townships

Location: Kilninian and Kilmore

County: Argyll and Bute

Electoral Ward: Oban South and the Isles

Traditional County: Argyllshire

Description

The monument comprises two neighbouring depopulated settlements and an associated schoolhouse at Crackaig and Glac Gugairidh, Treshnish, Mull.

Crackaig has the better preserved buildings of the two settlements, consisting of a group of fifteen buildings with associated enclosures. The buildings stand mostly to eaves height, with the rounded external corners characteristic of Mull, and many have door and window lintels in situ.

There are indications of multi-period use of this settlement, with turf-covered foundations visible around and below some structures. One building at the far NW end of the Crackaig settlement is most unusual in having one gable-end.

A dwelling house at the eastern end of the settlement has ship graffiti carved on the outside wall. Local tradition has it that this was carved by one of the last inhabitants and represents the ship that was to take the people away across the Atlantic to their new home in America. At the time of the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map in the 1870s, the schoolhouse and all but three of the dwellings at Crackaig were roofless.

A single-roomed structure 175m to the SSE of the main cluster of buildings at Crackaig is said to be the schoolhouse.

The settlement of Glac Grugairidh lies 200m to the NE of Crackaig, and has been subject to later re-use for stock pens and enclosures. The buildings are therefore less well-preserved and have additional lengths of dyke joining up structures and creating enclosures.

However, this is of interest in terms of the change of land-use and adaptation of the buildings and is in contrast with neighbouring Crackaig, which appears to have been left largely untouched. The name of the settlement on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey is 'Glac Dubh-airidhe', indicating use of the area for sheilings at some point. All of the structures here are shown as roofless by this time (1870s).

The area proposed for scheduling comprises three separate areas forming an interrelated complex: the schoolhouse, the structures at Crackaig, and the structures at Glac Gugairidh. The scheduled area of the schoolhouse is a rectangular shape measuring 22 by 13m; the scheduled area at Crackaig is an irregular shape measuring a maximum of 110m N-S and 148m E-W; and the scheduled area at Glac Gugairidh is an irregular area measuring 166m NE-SW and 108m NW-SE, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to an understanding of post-medieval settlement, economy and land-use. Its importance is increased by the wide range of different types of structure represented, by the indications of multi-period use of the settlement and by its proximity to other monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NM 34 NE 21.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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