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Swallow Cleugh,palisaded enclosure

A Scheduled Monument in Haddington and Lammermuir, East Lothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.8889 / 55°53'19"N

Longitude: -2.722 / 2°43'19"W

OS Eastings: 354940

OS Northings: 666426

OS Grid: NT549664

Mapcode National: GBR 90FB.HV

Mapcode Global: WH7VC.572W

Entry Name: Swallow Cleugh,palisaded enclosure

Scheduled Date: 16 November 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5822

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: palisaded enclosure

Location: Garvald and Bara

County: East Lothian

Electoral Ward: Haddington and Lammermuir

Traditional County: East Lothian

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a palisaded enclosure of probable prehistoric or early post-Roman date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The site lies in a locally prominent location commanding extensive views over the surrounding undulating countryside. The enclosure is sub-rectangular on plan with approximate overall dimensions of 30m NE-SW by 30m. It is defined by two palisades spaced 3-4m apart. The corners of the outer palisade appear markedly rounded and the SW side is slighly bowed. The inner palisade has generally more rectangular corners although that on the SE is more rounded.

The NE corner and part of the NE side of both palisades are not visible. There are possible indications of internal deposits including a small annular foundation in the S half of the enclosure. Rectilinear palisaded sites are rare in southern Scotland and the combination of its sub-rectangular shape with a double palisade sets it apart from most later prehistoric domestic enclosures in the region. It is likely that the enclosure represents a high status settlement dating to the later prehistoric or early post-Roman period.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the visible features and an area around them in which traces of associated features may be expected to survive. It is irregular on plan with maximum dimensions of 100m N-S by 105m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of the development of high-status settlement in the prehistoric or post-Roman period. The site may be expected to contain evidence for contemporary enclosure and house construction and for the site's economy.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NT 56 NW 56.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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