Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 350m north east of Compton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Freshwater, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6667 / 50°40'0"N

Longitude: -1.4666 / 1°27'59"W

OS Eastings: 437795.545848

OS Northings: 85359.999999

OS Grid: SZ377853

Mapcode National: GBR 79C.21R

Mapcode Global: FRA 77T9.VWK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 350m north east of Compton Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 February 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020138

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33965

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Freshwater

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Freshwater All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the lower south facing slopes
of a chalk ridge known as Compton Down. The barrow has a mound 17m in diameter
and 2.5m in height surrounded by a ditch up to 2.5m in width and 1.5m in
depth, from which material was quarried during the barrow's construction.
Further barrows surviving on Compton Down are the subject of separate
schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 350m north east of Compton Farm survives particularly well as
a substantial earthwork which will retain archaeological information
pertaining to its construction and use. In addition the old land surface
sealed beneath the mound and the fill of the encircling ditch will contain
environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the barrow was
placed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Isle of Wight County Council, Record Number 3958, (2000)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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