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Round barrow cemetery on Brook Down known as 'Five Barrows'

A Scheduled Monument in Calbourne, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.665 / 50°39'53"N

Longitude: -1.4495 / 1°26'58"W

OS Eastings: 439005.169433

OS Northings: 85177.153209

OS Grid: SZ390851

Mapcode National: GBR 79D.6C4

Mapcode Global: FRA 77V9.WPW

Entry Name: Round barrow cemetery on Brook Down known as 'Five Barrows'

Scheduled Date: 23 July 1934

Last Amended: 12 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007804

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21984

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Calbourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Brook St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a round barrow cemetery set on the crest of a prominent
chalk ridge which runs east-west across the Isle of Wight.
The cemetery includes nine barrows, seven of which are bowl barrows, one a
bell barrow and one a disc barrow.
The most south easterly barrow in the group is a disc barrow. This has a
central mound 11.3m in diameter and 0.7m high, with a surrounding berm 10.1m
wide. Beyond the berm is a ditch 5.2m wide and 0.6m deep and an outer bank
c.4m wide and 0.4m high.
The most westerly barrow in the cemetery is a bell barrow with central mound
22m in diameter and 2.2m high. Surrounding the mound is a berm 3.3m wide and
an outer ditch 6m wide and 0.3m deep.
The seven bowl barrows are closely spaced in the centre of the cemetery. These
range in size from 9.5m to 18.3m in diameter and from 0.3m to 2.2m in height.
One of the bowl barrows has been levelled and can now only be seen as a
cropmark from the air. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material
was quarried during its construction. The ditches of four of the barrows have
become partly infilled over the years but can be seen as depressions ranging
in width from 2m to 4m and from 0.25m to 1m deep. The ditches of the other
three bowl barrows have become completely infilled and can no longer be seen
at ground level but survive as buried features from 2m to 3m wide.
Most of the bowl barrows in the centre of the group and the bell barrow have
central depressions indicating unrecorded antiquarian excavation. An urn
inverted over burnt bones, ashes and fragments of charcoal was found in one of
the barrows in the cemetery.
The triangulation point is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground
beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of some of the barrows in this
cemetery, the round barrow cemetery on Brook Down has survived well and will
contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed. These barrows are
amongst a number which survive along the chalk ridge behind the coast on the
south western side of the Isle of Wight.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 3, (1940), 200
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 3, (1940), 189-200
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 3, (1940), 189-200
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat history and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History an Archaeological Society, (1940), 200
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat history and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History an Archaeological Society, (1940), 180-200
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Poceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 200
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Poceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 189-200
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Poceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 2, (1931), 114
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1931), 114
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1931), 114
Other
AP verticle BKS Surveys Ltd. 11.5.71 job no. B4566 No. 152924,

Source: Historic England

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