Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in woodland on Shalcombe Down: 200m south west of Shalcombe Manor

A Scheduled Monument in Calbourne, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.668 / 50°40'4"N

Longitude: -1.4447 / 1°26'40"W

OS Eastings: 439342.053739

OS Northings: 85513.322281

OS Grid: SZ393855

Mapcode National: GBR 79D.1KR

Mapcode Global: FRA 77V9.R10

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in woodland on Shalcombe Down: 200m south west of Shalcombe Manor

Scheduled Date: 11 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007787

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21994

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Calbourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Shalfleet St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a north east facing slope on
Shalcombe Down.

The barrow has a mound which measures 10m in diameter and is 0.6m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This has become partially infilled over the years but can still
be seen as a depression 2.5m wide and 0.6m deep. On the north east side the
barrow extends into a 'tail', a recent feature composed of a bank and ditch.
The bank is 0.4m high and c.3m wide. The ditch on its south side is c.0.4m
deep and c.1m wide. This 'tail' is connected with a trench, now filled in, for
a water-main cut across the mound.

The water-main which crosses the barrow is excluded from the scheduling
together with the ground above it, but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.


The bowl barrow on Shalcombe Down will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it
was constructed. This is one of a number of barrows which survive in the area
of Shalcombe Down.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 3, (1940), 201

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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