Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 870m north east of Brook Hill House

A Scheduled Monument in Brighstone, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6638 / 50°39'49"N

Longitude: -1.4296 / 1°25'46"W

OS Eastings: 440406.674001

OS Northings: 85058.507602

OS Grid: SZ404850

Mapcode National: GBR 79D.CCK

Mapcode Global: FRA 77WB.4VT

Entry Name: Round barrow 870m north east of Brook Hill House

Scheduled Date: 11 February 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020263

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33967

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Brighstone

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Shalfleet St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on the northern slopes of a
chalk hill known as Chessell Down. The barrow mound, which is circular in
plan, is approximately 21m in diameter and a maximum of 1.5m in height. A
ditch, from which material was excavated for the barrow's construction,
surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as
a buried feature approximately 2m in width.
A further series of barrows on Chessell Down are the subject of separate
schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The round barrow 870m north east of Brook Hill House survives as a substantial
earthwork which will retain archaeological information pertaining to its
construction and use. In addition the old land surface sealed beneath the
mound and the fill of the encircling ditch are likely to contain environmental
evidence relating to the landscape in which the barrow was placed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Isle of Wight County Council, Record Number 3557, (1993)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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