Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 650m south east of Shalcombe Manor: part of a round barrow cemetery on Pay Down

A Scheduled Monument in Brighstone, Isle of Wight

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Latitude: 50.6642 / 50°39'51"N

Longitude: -1.4378 / 1°26'16"W

OS Eastings: 439828.322302

OS Northings: 85096.259008

OS Grid: SZ398850

Mapcode National: GBR 79D.996

Mapcode Global: FRA 77WB.1P5

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 650m SE of Shalcombe Manor: part of a round barrow cemetery on Pay Down

Scheduled Date: 29 August 1967

Last Amended: 2 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008311

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22009

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Brighstone

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Shalfleet St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a bowl barrow in a gently undulating downland setting.
It lies on a west facing hillside flanking a valley which runs north-south. To
the north, beyond the valley, are the flat plains reaching to the Solent.
The bowl barrow has a mound which measures 20m in diameter and 0.75m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This can no longer be seen at ground level, but survives as a
buried feature c.4m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been ploughed in the past, the bowl barrow on Pay Down will
contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, , Sherwin, , 'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Procedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 202-3

Source: Historic England

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