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Round barrow cemetery on East Afton Down

A Scheduled Monument in Freshwater, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6705 / 50°40'13"N

Longitude: -1.4846 / 1°29'4"W

OS Eastings: 436516.978041

OS Northings: 85773.965177

OS Grid: SZ365857

Mapcode National: GBR 794.X1V

Mapcode Global: FRA 77S9.FG4

Entry Name: Round barrow cemetery on East Afton Down

Scheduled Date: 20 August 1934

Last Amended: 18 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007794

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22001

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Freshwater

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Freshwater All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a round barrow cemetery comprising one bell barrow, a
twin barrow and four bowl barrows. The barrow cemetery lies on the coast on a
hill-top position on the south west part of the Isle of Wight.
The bell barrow, which lies in the centre of the cemetery, is surrounded by
bowl barrows except on its west side where there is a twin barrow lying
adjacent to it. The bell barrow has a mound with a diameter of 16m and is 2m
high. Surrounding the mound is a berm 2m wide and beyond this a ditch from
which material was quarried during the barrow's construction. This has become
partly infilled over the years, but survives as a depression 5m wide and 1m
deep.
The respective mounds of the twin barrow measure 13m and 9.5m north west-
south east and the combined length of the two mounds south west-north east is
17.5m. Each mound is 0.5m high. Surrounding both mounds is a ditch from which
material was quarried during its construction. This has become partly infilled
over the years, but survives as a slight depression 4m wide and 0.5m deep.
The four bowl barrows have diameters ranging from 7m to 19.5m and heights of
0.4m to 2m. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during its construction. Some of these can no longer be seen at ground level
but survive as buried features up to 2m wide, while others can be seen as
depressions up to 5m wide and 1m deep.
Some of the barrows have central depressions indicative of unrecorded
antiquarian excavation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of antiquarian excavation on four of the six barrows, the
round barrow cemetery on East Afton Down survives well and will contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and
the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow cemetery is one of two
which survive on the coast on the south western side of the Isle of Wight.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 197-8
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 1977-8
Other
SMR.No.151 based on personal comment, Isle of Wight County Council, Isle of Wight S.M.R.,
SMR.No.151 field visit by V. Basford, Isle of Wight County Council, Isle of Wight S.M.R.,

Source: Historic England

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