Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 340m south east of Freshwater Bay Golf Clubhouse: part of a round barrow cemetery on Afton Down

A Scheduled Monument in Freshwater, Isle of Wight

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Latitude: 50.6699 / 50°40'11"N

Longitude: -1.4987 / 1°29'55"W

OS Eastings: 435519.912737

OS Northings: 85701.811335

OS Grid: SZ355857

Mapcode National: GBR 793.ZWW

Mapcode Global: FRA 77R9.MXN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 340m south east of Freshwater Bay Golf Clubhouse: part of a round barrow cemetery on Afton Down

Scheduled Date: 13 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007792

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21999

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Freshwater

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Freshwater All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a west facing hillside
overlooking the coastline on the south western part of the Isle of Wight.
The barrow has a mound which measures 12m in diameter and is c.1m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be
seen at ground level, but survives as a buried feature c.2.5m wide.
The barrow was located by Dr D Tomalin in 1977.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite being damaged during landscaping of the golf course, the bowl barrow
on Afton Down will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the barrow cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
'Proceeding of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 1, (1929), 656
Pers. Comm. Dr. D. Tomalin SMR No 168, I. O. W. County Council, I. O. W. County Council SMR, (1977)

Source: Historic England

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