Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 280m south east of Freshwater Bay Golf Clubhouse: part of a round barrow cemetery on Afton Down

A Scheduled Monument in Freshwater, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6701 / 50°40'12"N

Longitude: -1.4996 / 1°29'58"W

OS Eastings: 435456.62578

OS Northings: 85727.692863

OS Grid: SZ354857

Mapcode National: GBR 793.ZLR

Mapcode Global: FRA 77R9.MLP

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 280m south east of Freshwater Bay Golf Clubhouse: part of a round barrow cemetery on Afton Down

Scheduled Date: 23 July 1934

Last Amended: 11 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007791

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21998

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Freshwater

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Freshwater All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows situated on a west facing hillside
overlooking the coastline on the south western part of the Isle of Wight.
Two of the bowl barrows have mounds with diameters of 16m and one has a
diameter of 11m. One of the barrow mounds is c.1.2m high and and the other two
are c.1m high. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was
quarried during its construction. These have become infilled over the years
and can no longer be seen at ground level, but survive as buried features c.3m
wide.

The middle barrow of the three was partially excavated by the Rev J Skinner
in the 19th century when he found an urn containing a bronze pin.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.


Despite one of the barrows being partially excavated, each of these bowl
barrows on Afton Down will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceeding of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 1, (1929), 656
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 196-7
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 196-7
Other
Pers. Comm. Dr. D. Tomalin SMR No 167, I. O. W. County Council, I. O. W. County Council SMR, (1977)

Source: Historic England

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