Ancient Monuments

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Cairn and cist 600m north east of Routrundle

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5307 / 50°31'50"N

Longitude: -4.0349 / 4°2'5"W

OS Eastings: 255872.047014

OS Northings: 72083.034265

OS Grid: SX558720

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.PTNJ

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FN.HW3

Entry Name: Cairn and cist 600m north east of Routrundle

Scheduled Date: 27 September 1974

Last Amended: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019578

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28780

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


The monument includes a cairn containing a cist situated on a gentle north
west facing slope overlooking Ingra Tor. The cairn survives as a 7.6m
diameter mound standing up to 0.8m high. Large stones protrude through the
surface of the cairn, but there is no trace of a kerb. A hollow in the centre
of the mound contains a cist which is partially obscured at the northern end
by the capstone. The cist survives as a stone lined pit measuring 1.24m long
by 0.66m wide and 0.45m deep and would have originally contained a human
burial. This has been revealed by past excavation.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Cists are small rectangular stone
structures used for burial purposes and date to the Bronze Age. On Dartmoor
they are made up of regular stone slabs forming a box-like structure sometimes
topped by a larger coverstone. Short cists survive as free-standing monuments,
with no enclosing stone and earth cairn. On Dartmoor cists are also associated
with cairns, ring cairns and cairnfield groups, but these free-standing
examples form a separate group in their own right. Their longevity, having
been in use for a millennium or so, provides insight into the range of
ceremonial and ritual practices of the contemporary farming communities. The
Dartmoor examples provide one of the best preserved and most dense
concentrations of this class of monument in south-western Britain and, as
such, a high proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation, the cairn and cist 600m north east of Routrundle
survive well and will contain environmental and archaeological information
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The
cist in particular represents an important educational resource.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 51

Source: Historic England

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