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Two stone hut circles 100m east of Leeden Tor forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5274 / 50°31'38"N

Longitude: -4.0277 / 4°1'39"W

OS Eastings: 256371.880674

OS Northings: 71702.001946

OS Grid: SX563717

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.Q37N

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GN.SSK

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles 100m east of Leeden Tor forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

Scheduled Date: 17 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011190

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22322

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes two stone hut circles aligned north west-south east and
situated on a gentle east-facing slope of Leeden Tor overlooking the valley of
the River Meavy. The huts are terraced into the hillside, abut a large rock on
their upper side and are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding an
internal area. The interior of the northern hut measures 3.4m in diameter and
the wall stands 1.2m wide and 0.3m high. The southern hut measures 5m long by
3m wide and is defined by a wall, 1.7m wide and 0.5m high.
Stone hut circles, enclosures, a reave, a round cairn and stone alignment have
been identified in close proximity to this monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles 100m east of Leeden Tor survive well within a
coaxial field system and, together with other nearby settlement sites and
ceremonial monuments, provide an important insight into occupation and farming
practices on the Moor during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE17,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

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