Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 130m east of Leeden Tor forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5272 / 50°31'37"N

Longitude: -4.0273 / 4°1'38"W

OS Eastings: 256403.025386

OS Northings: 71672.143917

OS Grid: SX564716

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.Q9C1

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GN.T05

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 130m east of Leeden Tor forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

Scheduled Date: 4 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011189

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22321

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes a stone hut circle lying on a gentle east-facing slope
overlooking the valley of the River Meavy and forms part of a stone hut circle
settlement situated on the eastern slope of Leeden Tor. The hut is terraced
into the hillside and is composed of a stone and earth wall surrounding a
circular internal area. The interior of the building measures 3.8m in
diameter and the 1.5m wide wall stands up to 0.6m high.

Stone hut circles, enclosures, a reave, a cairn and stone alignment have been
identified in close proximity to this monument.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 130m east of Leeden Tor survives well within a coaxial
field system and, together with other nearby settlement sites and ceremonial
monuments, provides important insight into occupation and farming practices on
the Moor during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE17,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

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