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Enclosed stone hut circle settlement 700m south of Leeden Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5211 / 50°31'16"N

Longitude: -4.0301 / 4°1'48"W

OS Eastings: 256180.743341

OS Northings: 71004.584693

OS Grid: SX561710

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.QNLQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FP.CQF

Entry Name: Enclosed stone hut circle settlement 700m south of Leeden Tor

Scheduled Date: 6 January 1972

Last Amended: 8 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008667

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22264

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes an enclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on the
south facing slope of Leeden Tor overlooking the valleys of the Rivers Walkham
and Meavy. Six stone hut circles can be identified within the settlement.
All the huts are circular in plan and measure between 4.2m and 7m in diameter.
The walls of the huts are composed of stone and earth and measure between 0.4m
and 0.8m high. Five of the huts are built across the northern line of the
enclosure boundary and one lies in the centre. Four huts have visible
doorways.
The enclosure wall defines an oval internal area measuring 63m east to west by
55m north to south. The wall survives as a stony bank 0.9m wide and 0.2m
high. Attached to the southern length of wall is a circular depression 9.8m
in diameter and 1.3m deep which has been interpreted as a water catchment
basin or reservoir, which may be contemporary with the settlement.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle settlements on the southern slopes of Leeden Tor survive
comparatively well and form part of a rich and diverse archaeological
resource. Archaeological structures, features and deposits, in addition to
environmental remains, will survive intact and provide an insight into
settlement and agricultural practice on the western side of the moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Gerrard, S, Military mortar emplacements on Dartmoor?, (1992)
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE3,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57SE43,

Source: Historic England

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