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Round cairn 670m north-east of Sharpitor summit

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5201 / 50°31'12"N

Longitude: -4.0282 / 4°1'41"W

OS Eastings: 256318.729036

OS Northings: 70888.133038

OS Grid: SX563708

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.QP3Q

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GP.6J9

Entry Name: Round cairn 670m north-east of Sharpitor summit

Scheduled Date: 4 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007432

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22269

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated on a gentle south facing slope
overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The cairn mound measures 7.5m in
diameter and stands up to 0.7m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound is
probably the result of partial early excavation or robbing. A few retaining
stones are visible around the eastern perimeter of the mound indicating the
presence of a kerb which survives largely as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 670m north-east of
Sharpitor summit survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. The cairn forms an important constituent part of a diverse
group of monuments including contemporary settlements, field systems and other
funerary sites.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE163,

Source: Historic England

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