Ancient Monuments

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Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 370m south west of Routrundle

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5241 / 50°31'26"N

Longitude: -4.0431 / 4°2'35"W

OS Eastings: 255268.670281

OS Northings: 71361.96398

OS Grid: SX552713

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.JK8V

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FP.0P3

Entry Name: Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 370m south west of Routrundle

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019565

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28781

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


The monument includes an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on a
gentle west facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Walkham. The
settlement includes six stone hut circles arranged in an oval around a central
area. The stone hut circles survive as banks each surrounding a circular or
oval internal area of between 23sq m and 88sq m with the average being 50sq m.
The heights of the surrounding walls vary between 0.4m and 0.85m, with the
average being 0.66m. Five of the huts have visible doorways and two are
attached to each other by a short length of rubble walling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 370m south west of Routrundle
survives well, contains two very substantial buildings and represents an
important source of information relating to this comparatively rare form of
settlement. Unenclosed settlements are generally considered to be relatively
early and few contain large stone hut circles of the type represented here.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 85

Source: Historic England

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