Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Round cairn 380m NNW of Sharpitor summit

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5181 / 50°31'5"N

Longitude: -4.0348 / 4°2'5"W

OS Eastings: 255838.495496

OS Northings: 70677.980375

OS Grid: SX558706

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.QTMD

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FP.HX5

Entry Name: Round cairn 380m NNW of Sharpitor summit

Scheduled Date: 6 January 1972

Last Amended: 9 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007423

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22284

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated on a gentle north-east facing
slope overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The cairn mound measures
4.5m north-east to south-west by 3.9m north-west to south-east and stands up
to 0.2m high. Surrounding the perimeter of the mound is a ring of nine stones
with a maximum height of 0.8m. The centre of the cairn has been partially
excavated to reveal a cist orientated north to south. The interior of the
cist measures 1.2m long by 0.55m wide and 0.45m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 380m NNW of Sharpitor
summit survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The
cairn forms a focal point for two stone alignments and is an important
constituent part of a diverse group of monuments including contemporary
settlements, field systems and other funerary sites.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE30,
National Archaeological Record, SX57SE48,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.