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Enclosure and stone hut circle 320m north-east of Sharpitor forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5175 / 50°31'2"N

Longitude: -4.0308 / 4°1'50"W

OS Eastings: 256125.525911

OS Northings: 70602.38757

OS Grid: SX561706

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.QVWC

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FP.KH8

Entry Name: Enclosure and stone hut circle 320m north-east of Sharpitor forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

Scheduled Date: 8 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007434

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22271

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes an oval enclosure containing a single stone hut circle
and is situated on a gentle north-east facing slope of Sharpitor overlooking
the valley of the River Meavy. The interior of the enclosure measures 26m
north-west to south-east by 20m north-east to south-west and is defined by a
rubble wall averaging 1m wide and 0.3m high.
The stone hut circle is built across the western line of the enclosure
boundary and is composed of a stone and earth wall 1.2m wide and 0.7m high
defining an internal area measuring 3.4m in diameter. The doorway faces
south-east and is clearly defined by recumbent slabs.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle settlements on the slopes of Sharpitor survive
comparatively well and will contain archaeological structures, features and
deposits as well as environmental evidence, all of which will provide an
insight into agricultural practice on the western side of the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE28,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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