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Four stone hut circles and an enclosure 100m north-east of Sharpitor summit

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5154 / 50°30'55"N

Longitude: -4.0316 / 4°1'53"W

OS Eastings: 256058.560873

OS Northings: 70376.501718

OS Grid: SX560703

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.QVM2

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FP.R56

Entry Name: Four stone hut circles and an enclosure 100m north-east of Sharpitor summit

Scheduled Date: 4 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007419

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22279

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes four stone hut circles and an enclosure situated on the
north-east facing upper slope of Sharpitor overlooking the valley of the River
Meavy. The settlement lies within an area of dense clitter which has only
been partially cleared. All the huts are circular in plan and are composed of
stone and earth walls between 0.4m and 0.8m high, which define an internal
area of between 3.5m and 7m in diameter. The southern hut lies within the
enclosure.
The interior of the enclosure measures 30m north to south by 34m east to west
and is defined by a rubble wall standing up to 1.5m wide and 0.7m high. The
western boundary wall is no longer visible but may survive as a buried
feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle settlement on the slopes of Sharpitor survives
comparatively well and will contain archaeological structures, features and
deposits in addition to environmental evidence which, combined, will provide
an insight into settlement and agricultural practice on the western side of
the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE188,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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