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Five bowl barrows 480m and 510m north of Hendra Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Ladock, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.3434 / 50°20'36"N

Longitude: -5.0111 / 5°0'39"W

OS Eastings: 185850.963728

OS Northings: 53611.96738

OS Grid: SW858536

Mapcode National: GBR ZJ.DDWW

Mapcode Global: FRA 08D4.7KQ

Entry Name: Five bowl barrows 480m and 510m north of Hendra Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 November 1958

Last Amended: 21 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019021

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32906

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Ladock

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Ladock

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The scheduling includes five prehistoric bowl barrows, situated on the south
west shoulder of a ridge east of Carland Cross. The barrows are closely
grouped: four extend over 98m as an almost straight north-south alignment,
with the fifth located 20m ENE of the northern barrow in the row. The barrows
are closely associated with others beyond this scheduling, together forming a
ridge-top barrow cemetery. This scheduling is divided into two areas of
protection.
The barrow to the ENE of the row of four has a mound of earth with some small
stones, approximately 17m in diameter and 2.5m high. The mound's rounded
profile is broken on the west side by an irregular step curving up from north
to south, resembling an overgrown track. In the top of the mound is a hollow,
5.9m north-south by 5.7m east-west and up to 0.8m deep, considered to be an
antiquarian excavation. A quarry ditch is visible around the mound on the west
and north sides, forming a depression up to 2.5m wide and 0.3m deep.
The northernmost barrow in the row of four has a mound approximately 16m in
diameter and 2.7m high.
The next barrow to the south has a mound approximately 11m in diameter and
2.2m high. A hollow in the top of the mound near the centre, 2m across and
0.5m deep, is considered to be the result of an antiquarian excavation.
Remains of a ditch around the mound are visible on the south side, forming a
depression up to 1.5m wide and 0.1m deep.
Further south in the row, the next barrow has a mound approximately 14m in
diameter and 2.1m high. A portion of the mound has been reduced on its south
east side, leaving a sloping face 2.5m in from the perimeter.
The southern barrow in the row has a mound approximately 20.5m in diameter and
3.2m high, of earth and some small quartz stones. A hollow 3m across and 0.5m
deep in the top of the mound, west of centre, is considered to be the result
of an antiquarian excavation. Remains of a ditch around the mound are visible
on the south side, forming a depression up to 2m wide and 0.2m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The five bowl barrows 480m and 510m north of Hendra Farm survive well, showing
their original bowl type profiles as well as their ditches in several cases.
Their mounds remain substantially intact, despite evidence for limited
disturbance in some. The old land surface beneath the mounds and any surviving
original deposits associated with them will also remain substantially intact.
The ridge-top location of the wider barrow cemetery illustrates well the
important role of topography in prehistoric funerary activity, and the near
alignment of four of the barrows in this scheduling shows the importance of
spatial organisation within barrow cemeteries.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Henderson, C, 'Parochial Antiquities' in Parochial Antiquities, , Vol. 3, (1916), 209
Prior, R, 'Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall' in Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, , Vol. 13, (1898), 435-436
Other
CAU, F23 103, (1989)
Dawes, G to Preston-Jones, A, (1989)
Letter 43, Thomas, R, Letter to the West Briton, (1850)
Pickering, J, 64 31 21 A, APR 8553 2, (1964)
Saunders, A, AM 7, (1958)
Saunders, A, AM 7, (1958)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map
Source Date: 1879
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: Ordnance Survey 2" drawing
Source Date: 1811
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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