Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 130m south east of Penglaze

A Scheduled Monument in St. Allen, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.3379 / 50°20'16"N

Longitude: -5.0566 / 5°3'23"W

OS Eastings: 182588.482071

OS Northings: 53136.071601

OS Grid: SW825531

Mapcode National: GBR ZF.RT2S

Mapcode Global: FRA 0894.MTM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 130m south east of Penglaze

Scheduled Date: 5 October 1959

Last Amended: 12 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016887

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29680

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Allen

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Erme

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated at the southern foot of the
Newlyn Downs, an area of unenclosed moorland until the early 20th century. The
barrow is located on a slight rise in an otherwise relatively low lying area
below the southern slopes of the downs. The barrow mound has been spread by
cultivation but it retains a height of about 0.5m high and has a maximum
diameter of 23m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite cultivation, which has reduced the height of the barrow mound, the
bowl barrow 130m south east of Penglaze survives in an unusually low-lying
position in contrast to the large group of barrows which lie on higher ground
some 2km to the north east at Carland Cross. The waterlogged nature of the
land around the barrow will be beneficial for the preservation of buried
environmental and archaeological evidence relating to the monument and the
landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

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