Ancient Monuments

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Warren's Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in St. Erme, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.346 / 50°20'45"N

Longitude: -5.0289 / 5°1'44"W

OS Eastings: 184597.589599

OS Northings: 53955.31278

OS Grid: SW845539

Mapcode National: GBR ZH.2876

Mapcode Global: FRA 08C4.0MV

Entry Name: Warren's Barrow

Scheduled Date: 14 January 1959

Last Amended: 12 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016888

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29681

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Erme

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Erme

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes Warren's Barrow, a bell barrow situated on the tip of a
south facing hill slope at the eastern edge of Newlyn Downs. It represents the
most northerly of a group of barrows at Carland Cross which together formed a
round barrow cemetery. The rest of the barrows in this group are the subject
of separate schedulings.
The barrow has a stepped appearance with a central mound about 10m in diameter
containing a large central depression, surrounded on all sides by a lower and
flatter berm which varies in width between 16m and 10m. The total diameter of
the barrow mound is 36m and it has a maximum height of 3.6m. Other barrows in
the vicinity are known to have been accompanied by a surrounding ditch
from which material was quarried for their construction. Whilst Warren's
Barrow has no such visible surrounding feature at ground level, its
approximately 2m wide ditch is likely to survive below ground, the infilling
of the ditch by natural processes over the course of many centuries masking it
from present view. The unusual shape of the barrow led to the supposition in
former years that the central mound was raised as a beacon on the site of a
bowl barrow. However, the shape of the barrow is consistent with the bell
barrow form and the depression in the centre of the mound the result of
antiquarian excavation. The monument has become known locally as Warren's
Barrow after General Warren who was reputedly buried there.
All modern material overlying the barrow and its 2m protective margin,
resulting from the construction of a temporary track, is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath this material is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, probably in antiquity, Warren's
Barrow survives well and will retain archaeological evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was built. Together with a group of
bell and bowl barrows to its south, Warren's Barrow forms part of a small
round barrow cemetery and will retain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Prior, R, 'Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall' in Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, , Vol. 13, (1898), 435-437

Source: Historic England

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