Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 650m and 410m north west of Hendra Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Ladock, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.3448 / 50°20'41"N

Longitude: -5.0123 / 5°0'44"W

OS Eastings: 185769.7078

OS Northings: 53767.6064

OS Grid: SW857537

Mapcode National: GBR ZJ.D6LM

Mapcode Global: FRA 08D4.12W

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 650m and 410m north west of Hendra Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 November 1958

Last Amended: 21 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019020

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32905

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Ladock

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Ladock

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes two prehistoric bowl barrows, situated above a south
west slope on a ridge east of Carland Cross. The scheduling is divided into
two separate areas of protection.
The northern barrow, known as Jenkyn's or Hendra Barrow, has a prominent mound
approximately 24.4m diameter and 2.5m high. The mound is of earth and small
stones, with some larger quartz stone protruding from the surface near its
edge, which may be part of a kerb around the mound. An irregular hollow some
10m north-south by 4m east-west and 0.4m deep in the top of the mound is
considered to be the result of an antiquarian excavation. Remains of a quarry
ditch around the mound are visible, particularly on the north and south west
sides, forming a depression extending up to 3m from the mound edge and
measuring up to 0.1m deep. The southern barrow has a denuded mound
approximately 17m across north-south by 15m east-west, and up to 1m high. The
monument is closely associated with other barrows beyond this scheduling which
together form a ridge-top barrow cemetery.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The two bowl barrows 650m and 410m north west of Hendra Farm survive
reasonably well, the Jenkyn's or Hendra Barrow to the north showing clearly
the original bowl form of its mound and remains of a ditch around it. Despite
evidence for limited disturbance of the northern barrow and some ploughing
down of the southern, both mounds remain substantially intact, as will the
underlying old land surface and any surviving original deposits associated
with it. Their location within a wider ridge-top barrow cemetery illustrates
well the important role of topography in Bronze Age funerary activity.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Gover, J E B, The Place-Names of Cornwall, (1948), 468
Henderson, C, 'Parochial Antiquities' in Parochial Antiquities, , Vol. 3, (1916), 209
Prior, R, 'Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall' in Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, , Vol. 13, (1898), 435-436
Letter 43, Thomas, R, Letter to the West Briton, (1850)
Saunders, A, AM 7, (1958)
SW 85 SE 3, Ordnance Survey , Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1970)
Title: Ladock Tithe Apportionment
Source Date: 1840

Title: Ordnance Survey 2" drawing
Source Date: 1811

Title: Ordnance Survey 2" field drawing
Source Date: 1811

Source: Historic England

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